It's for sb/It's of sb
不定式特殊句型so as to
stop doing/to do
forget doing/to do
remember doing/to do
regret doing/to do
cease doing/to do
try doing/to do
go on doing/to do
be afraid doing/to do
be interested doing/...
mean doing/to do
begin（start） doing/to do
感官动词 + doing/to do
used to/be used to
be going to/will
be to和be going to
比较if only与only if
It is （high） time
比较while, when, as
比较can 和be able to
以s, sh, ch, x等结尾
以ce, se, ze,等结尾
1） 以y结尾的专有名词，或元音字母+y 结尾的名词变复数时，直接加s变复数。例如：
2） 以o 结尾的名词，变复数时：
a. 加s，如： photo---photos piano---pianos
b. 加es，如：potato--potatoes tomato--tomatoes
c. 上述a和b两种方法均可，如zero---zeros / zeroes。
3） 以f或fe 结尾的名词变复数时：
a. 加s，如： belief---beliefs roof---roofs
b. 去f,fe 加ves，如：half---halves
knife---knives leaf---leaves wolf---wolves
wife---wives life---lives thief---thieves；
c. 上述a和b两种方法均可，如handkerchief: handkerchiefs /
1） child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth
注意：由一个词加 man 或 woman构成的合成词，其复数形式也是
-men 和-women，如an Englishman，two Englishmen。但German不是合成词，故复数形式为Germans；Bowman是姓，其复数是the
，li，jin，yuan，two li，three mu，four jin等。但除人民币的元、角、分外，美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。如：a dollar,
two dollars; a meter, two meters。
people police cattle 等本身就是复数，不能说
a people，a police，a cattle，但可以说a person，a policeman，a head of cattle, the
English，the British，the French，the Chinese，the Japanese，the Swiss 等名词，表示国民总称时，作复数用，如The
Chinese are industries and brave. 中国人民是勤劳勇敢的。
b. news 为不可数名词。
c. the United States，the United Nations 应视为单数。
The United Nations was organized in 1945. 联合国是1945年组建起来的。
"The Arabian Nights" is a very interesting
5） 表示由两部分构成的东西，如：glasses （眼镜） trousers, clothes等，若表达具体数目，要借助数量词
pair（对，双）; suit（套）; a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers等。
比较：Cake is a kind of food. 蛋糕是一种食物。 （不可数）
These cakes are sweet. 这些蛋糕很好吃。 （可数）
This factory produces steel. （不可数）
We need various steels. （可数）
Our country is famous for tea. 我国因茶叶而闻名。
Two teas, please. 请来两杯茶。
four freedoms 四大自由 the four modernizations四个现代化
物质名词和抽象名词可以借助单位词表一定的数量，如a glass of
water 一杯水/ a piece of advice 一则建议。
sports meeting 运动会 students reading-room 学生阅览室
talks table 谈判桌 the
foreign languages department 外语系
2） man, woman, gentleman等作定语时，其单复数以所修饰的名词的单复数而定。例如：
men workers women teachers gentlemen officials
goods train （货车） arms produce 武器生产
customs papers 海关文件 clothes
two-dozen eggs 两打鸡蛋 a ten-mile walk 十英里路
two-hundred trees 两百棵树 a five-year plan. 一个五年计划
boy's bag 男孩的书包，men's room 男厕所。
2） 若名词已有复数词尾-s ，只加" ' "，如：the workers'
3） 凡不能加"'s"的名词，都可以用"名词+of +名词"的结构来表示所有关系，如：the
title of the song 歌的名字。
4） 在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时，名词所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词，如：the barber's
John's and Mary's rooms（两间） John and Mary's room（一间）
6） 复合名词或短语，'s 加在最后一个词的词尾。例如：a month or two's absence
1.He was eager to make some extra
money, since during these years he could hardly live on his_______.
little wage b. few wage c. wage d. wages
2.Most of the houses in the village
were burnt to ______ during the war.
ash b. the ash c. ash d. ashes
3.The students at colleges or
universities are making ______ for the coming New Year.
preparations b. much
4.Painting in _____ is one of their
a. oil b. an oil c. oils d. the oil
5.In the view of the foreign experts,
there wasn’t ____ oil here.
a. much b. lots of c. a great deal of d. many
6.The large houses are being painted,
a. of great
at a great expense c. in a lot of
expenses d. by high expense
7.The room was small and contained far
a.much new furniture c. much new furnitures
b.many new furniture d. many new furnitures
8.Jim was late for two classes this
morning. He said that he forgot both of the ______.
a. rooms number b. room number c. room’s numbers d. room numbers
9.Computers can do ______ work in a short time, but a
man can not do ______ by himself.
c. much…a great deal
b. a great
deal of…much d. many…a
10.She didn’t know _____ he had been
c. how many informations
number of information d. how much
11.He invited all of his ______ to join
his wedding party.
12.All the ______ in the hospital got a
rise last month.
c. woman doctors
d. woman doctor
13.After ten years, all these youngsters
14.The police investigated those _____
about the accident.
15.The Nazi kept those ______ in their
16.The manager was greatly appreciate
that _____ made by Linda lately.
reel b. news reel c. new-reels d. news reels
17.Mary’s dress is similar in appearance
to her ______.
a. elder sister b. elder sister’s c. elder sisters d. elder sisters dress
18.All the people at the conference are
a. mathematic teachers c. mathematics teacher
b.mathematics teachers d. mathematic’s teachers
Mackay told us that ______ of lead are its softness and its resistance.
some property c. properties
some properties d. property
20.Physics _____ with matter and motion.
b. deals c.
dealing d. are
21.He has written several books, but his
last works _____ well known among his friends.
b. have been c.
is d. are
22.After he checked up my ______ heart,
the doctor advised him to rest for a few days.
father-in-law’s c. father’s-in-law
father-in-law d. father’s-in-law’s
23.He told me _____ would come to his
many Jack friends c. many Jack’s friend
Jack’s many friends d. many friends of Jack’s
24.I had my hair cut at the _____ around
a.barber b. barbers c. barber’s d. barbers’
25.Yesterday evening we had a lovely
evening at ______.
Peter and Helen’s c. Peter and Helen
Peter and Helens d. Peter’s and
26.______ receives only a small portion
of the total amount of the sun’s energy.
The earth’s surface c. The surface of
The surface earth d. The
27.Numerous materials are available to
today of designers
c. today’s of designers
d. today designers
28.Why did you speak to Peter that way?
Don’t you know he is an old friend of ______?
my brother b. my brothers c. my brother’s d. my brother’s friend
29.______ is a well-informed man. He can
tell you anything you want to know.
This John’s old friend c. That’s
Jahn’s old friend
This old friend of John d. This old
friend of John’s
30.______ is too much for a little boy
a.A bike’s weight
c. The weight of a bike
b.The weights of a bike d. Bile’s weight
31.Generally there are ______ television
programs for children on Saturday.
b. much c. a
large number of d. a
large amount of
32.When they got to the lecture-room,
there were ______ left.
only few seats b. a very few seats c. only a few seats d. so a few seats
33.______ travels faster when the zip
code is indicated on the envelope.
A little mail b. A piece of mail c. A mail d. A small mail
34.The Department purchased ______ to
improve the working conditions there.
a new equipment c. new equipments
a new piece of equipment d. new pieces of equipments
35.The boy tried hard but there has been
______ in his work.
little improvement c. many improvements
a little improvement d. few improvements
36.Today’s modern TV cameras require
______ light as compared with the earlier models.
only a few b. only few c. only a little d. only little
37.No country can afford to neglect
an education b. educations c. education d. the education
38.Please write the answers to the
questions at the end of ______.
eighth chapter b. chapter eight c. eight chapter d. chapter the eight
39.______ is only surpassed by that of
monkeys’ and apes’.
The intelligent dog c. The
intelligence of dogs
The dogs whose intelligence d. The dogs being intelligent
40.All ______ must take the graduate
Management Admission Test.
business student b. business’s students c. business students d. business’s student
41.______ anywhere in the United States
costs less than a dollar when you dial it yourself.
Three minutes call c. A three-minutes call
Three-minute call d. A three-minute call
42.The ______ about nuclear energy
revolves around the waste problem.
public’s chief concern c. chief public concern
public chief concern d. chief concern of public’s
43.______ the first and largest ethnic
group to work on the construction of the transcontinental railroad.
a. Chinese were b. The Chinese was c. Chinese was d. The Chinese were
44.______ can get a better view of the
game than the participants.
Looker-on b. Lookers-on c. Looker-ons c. Lookers-ons
45.A group of spectators was dispersed
by the police who ______ at the scene of the accidents within minutes.
b. have been c.
was d. has been
46.Our livestock ______ not as numerous
as they used to be.
b. are c.
be d. been
47.One of the most surprising things is
that ______ may come from petroleum.
much of tomorrow food c. many of tomorrow’s
much of the food of tomorrow d. much of tomorrow’s food
48.Scott is an orphan but he received
very good education
c. a very good education
very good educations
d. many good educations
49.After several day’s hardworking, we
have made ______ on the design.
c. many improvement
d. some improvement
50.The boy was very happy that his
mother bought him a new pair of shoes at a ______ yesterday.
shoes shop b. shoe shop c. shoes’s shop d. shoe’s
51.Eggs, though nourishing, have ______
of fat content.
large number b. a large number c. a high amount d. the high amount
52.He has done some ______ on that
subject from various angles over the past ten years.
research b. a research c. researches d. the researches
53.Recently, he has lost all his ______.
wage and saving at card c. wages and saving at
wages and savings at card d. wages and savings at cards
54.The country’s wealth comes chiefly
from its many ______.
herd of cattle b. heard of cattles c. herds of cattle d. herds of cattles
55.In Britain the ______ are all painted
letter boxes b. letters box c. letters boxes d. letters’s box
56.Ten years had passed. I found she had
a little white hair c. a few white
some white hair d. much
57.All his ______ far from satisfaction
conduct is b. conduct are c. conducts is d. conducts will be
58.Although the town had been attacked
by the storm several times, ______ was done.
a few damages b. few damages c. little damage d. a little damage
59.He was ______ what to do.
at his wit end b. at his wits end c. at his wit’s end d. at his wits’s end
60.Would you like to have a cup of tea
and ______ with me?
two toasts b. two
pieces of toast c. two piece
of toasts d. tow
pieces of toasts
61.Accurate ______ covering the fact are
b. datums c.
data d. datas
62.On Monday morning some teachers
exchanged a few ______.
of how-are-you’s d. of
how are you
63.Albert said he met the girl ______
at his uncle’s Smith room c. at his uncle Smith’s room
at Smith’s his uncle’s room d. at the room of his uncle’s Smith’s
64.It is four months since I last saw
at Mrt Smith’s ,the book seller c. at my aunt’s,
a book seller
at my aunt’s, Mrs Palmer’s d. at Mrs Palmer’s,
the book seller’s
65.This room is ______.
the editor’s-in-chief’s office c. the
the editor-in-chief office
d. the editor’s-in-chief office
66.My old classmate, Comrade Sun ,works
a teacher college c. a teacher’s
a teachers’s college d. a college of a
67.The policemen put the criminal
in a iron b. into a iron c. in irons d. into a pair of iron
68.Our teacher gave me ______.
an advice b. the advice c. many advice d. much advice
69.My mother cut the cloth with ______
a b. two c. a couple of d. a pair of
70.My house is
within ______ from the railway station.
a. a stone’s throw b. a throw of a stone c. stone’s throw d. the stone’s throw
is such an irritating woman, I don’t know how you can ______ her.
a. put up b. stand up to c. stand with d. put up with
get my traveler’s check I had to ______ a special check to the bank for the
for b. make out c. make off d. make up
boys are easily ______.
in b. taken away c. taken out d. taken over
company is going to hand ______ the free samples tomorrow.
a. up b. out c. on d. down
was purely ______ chance that the mistake was discovered.
a. in b. for c. by d. from
magician picked several persons ______ from the audience and asked them to help
him with the performance.
accident b. on occasion c. on average d. at random
left for the office earlier than usual this morning ______ traffic jam.
a. in case
of b. in line
with c. for the sake
of d. at the risk of
areas, _______ their severe weather conditions, are hardly populated.
for b. in spite
of c. due to d. with regard to
are asked to comply ______ the regulations.
a. at b. in c. with d. on
______ so much work that he couldn’t really do it efficiently.
a. put on b. took on c. brought on d. turned on
order to save time, I ______ my shopping to once a week.
off b. cut out c. cut up d. cut down
idea has ______ that science cannot be wrong.
up b. picked up c. grown up d. put up
did everything he could to prevent if from ______ into fighting.
off b. breaking
up c. breaking
out d. breaking of
construction of the new building will cost ______ 1,000,000 dollars, and it’s
not easy to get so much money.
last b. at most c. at least d. at large
thief ran away as fast as he could ______ the policeman.
sight b. within the
sight of c. within
sight d. at the sight
too long, European can makers have fought to ______ old ways and old privileges.
a. hang on
to b. have access
to c. refer to d. see to
______ a full night’s sleep will be more than rewarded in heightened
productivity, creativity and focus.
at b. invests
in c. invests by d. invests with
______ his departure, he wrote a letter to his mother.
a. of b. from c. to d. in
company is very famous ______ the high quality of its products.
a. in b. for c. by d. with
he was given a chance to improve his position in the firm, he seized it ______
both hands and is now on his way to the top.
a. on b. at c. in d. with
misfortunes almost deprived him ______ his future career.
a. with b. of c. from d. beyond
don’t ______ the expense; I want the party to be a real success.
for b. care about c. be in care of d. take care of
must get the roof mended before the wet weather sets ______.
a. about b. on c. up d. in
car pulled ______ beside me and the driver asked me to way to the Great Wall.
a. down b. off c. up d. out
the war, many warships were laid ______ as they were not needed any longer.
a. up b. aside c. down d. over
the rebellion died ______ things quickly returned to normal.
a. out b. away c. down d. through
pick you ______ at your college gate and take you straight to the station.
a. on b. off c. out d. up
you please see ______ our luggage when I am away?
a. to b. in c. with d. for
they reached the small village before dusk.
a. Towards the
end b. By the end c. In the end d. At the end
has left the book on the table ______ purpose so that you can read it.
a. with b. on c. in d. out of
noise is getting louder because the engineers are ______ the engine to see if
the plane is ready to fly.
with b. running
up c. turning in d. trying for
government is looking ______ new methods of raising money without increasing
on b. upon c. out for d. around
is superior to the animals ______ he sues language to convey his thoughts.
that b. in that c. so that d. in order that
long ago, a person who I know every well was ______ an accident.
to b. included in c. involved in d. subject to
______ to him for the error.
forgave d. apologized
we have no interests ______ common, we are good friends.
a. on b. in c. for d. at
purse has returned to the original owner ______.
a. in a long
time b. in a long
run c. in no
time d. at no time
can’t hope to catch up with that car ______ us.
a. in advance
of b. in the front
of c. at the frontier
of d. ahead of
animals will modify their behavior to ______ their environment.
to b. adopt to c. suit to d. conform to
______ going abroad this summer, we may not have enough money.
on b. come on c. attend upon d. frown upon
suspect your daughter ______ dishonesty.
a. of b. for c. with d. to
the head of the valley we turned right and ______ the summit.
a. set up b. took up c. made for d. went for
type of women can ______ life much more easily.
with b. take advantage
of c. take care
of d. look after
manager accused one of the hotel servants ______ stealing the money.
a. for b. with c. of d. about
is difficult to _____ the implication between the lines.
a. get to b. get into c. get over d. get at
living there, she ______ the local accent.
on b. picked at c. picked up d. picked out
adopted the new method _____ raising our efficiency.
a. in the
event of b. on account
of c. with a view
of d. with regard to
the light of what you have told me, I will say that it is he who came here
a. By b. In c. Of d. Under
will place China in the front ranks of countries of the world ______ the output
of major industrial products.
a. in support
of b. in connection
with c. in terms
of d. by means of
they had finished playing, the children were made to ______ all the toys they
had taken out.
off b. put away c. put up d. put out
failed to supply the facts relevant ______ the case in question.
a. for b. with c. of d. to
Britain, and on the Continent too, the Japanese are viewed _______ a threat to
a. like b. as c. with d. for
Jack was eighteen he ______ going around with a strange set of people and
staying out very late.
up b. took for c. took to d. took on
in London, we paid a visit to the hospital founded ______ the nurse Florence
a. in line
with b. in favor
of c. in place d. in honor of
poor man has to ______ many thing which a rich man regards as almost
necessaries in life.
through b. go
without c. go
over d. go about
computers are practical ______ their high speed of operation.
of b. because of c. regardless of d. in spite of
the many hours of study that he devoted to the subject, he still found the
subject matter difficult.
a. After b. Due to c. Despite d. As for
early part of the concert ______ comparatively satisfactorily.
after b. went
down c. went off d. went up
is _______ her face ready for the party.
up b. holding up c. keeping up d. making up
a prolonged spell of fine weather, they were able to complete the film within
a. As to b. Thanks to c. In relation to d. With respect to
day people will be able to go to the moon _____ holiday.
a. on b. during c. for d. in
did it come _____ that you made a lot of mistakes in your homework?
a. about b. after c. with d. to
the rule is, you may be sure he will keep _____ it.
a. on b. in c. off d. to
one firm alone over three hundred people were laid _____ during the last month.
a. in b. out c. on d. off
safety of shops ______ sea depends much on the warnings given by lighthouses.
a. in b. across c. on d. at
mass of an object is multiplied by the speed of light squared, _____ other
words , the speed of light is multiplied by itself.
a. by b. for c. in d. with
new system encourages companies to compete with each other ______ equal terms.
a. on b. in c. with d. for
should stick _____ the point in debate.
a. to b. at c. in d. for
has been sad recently, for his plan to go to college _____ at the last moment.
out b. fell
behind c. fell in d. fell through
likes country life and has decided to ______ farming.
a. go in
for b. go into c. go through d. go after
police haven’t caught the murder alive yet, but they are convinced that the
really important facts of the case will soon ________ .
a. come into
force b. come into
contact c. come into
light d. come down to earth
teacher expects us to do all the exercises, to study the spelling list and to
get our paper ______ time.
a. in b. on c. at d. by
been told bad weather was on the way, the climbers decided to ______ their
attempt on Mount Tai until the following week.
up b. deny to c. put off d. refuse to
did not hear the telephone because he was completely ______ his reading.
for b. absorbed
by c. absorbed on d. absorbed in
tickets can be given ______ at the theatre office window up to half an hour
before the performance.
a. in b. out c. off d. over
was ______ regarded as a part of philosophy.
time b. at all time c. at a time d. at one time
newly designed machines are high ______ quality.
a. on b. in c. for d. with
quite artistic, yet inexpensive fabrics are now being _____ from British mills.
over b. turned
out c. turned up d. turned off
mother scolded the boy ______ not cleaning up his room.
a. to b. with c. at d. for
my car is being made ready for a long journey.
a. In the
moment b. For the
moment c. At the
moment d. By the
bad ______ remembering faces.
a. at b. in c. with d. on
drilling in that area has now stopped because the company has ______ money.
a. come out
of b. come off c. run out of d. run down
doctor was always ______ the poor and the sick, often giving them free medical
of b. absorbed in c. tended by d. concerned about
company will send a representative to ______ their business in that region.
to b. attempt at c. associate with d. approve of
is ______ memories of home and mother so people away from home drink more milk.
to b. kept to c. referred to d. tied to
the traffic lights ahead, the car continued ______ full speed.
a. with b. in on d. at
strange seems to be _____ me since I have been taking this drug.
into b. coming
across c. happening
to d. falling on
shopkeeper was ______ inside his own shop, and all the day’s money was stolen.
over b. held up c. held out d. held off
planets are extremely common in the Universe, ______ the latest computer
simulation of the formation of the Solar System.
to b. in addition
to c. in regard
to d. thanks to
Brazil, spending on science and technology ______ just 0.6 percent of gross
for b. makes up
for c. accounts for d. stands for
wherever he lives, a man belongs to some society.
short b. In
short c. Of short d. On short
man who could ______ such treatment was a man of remarkable physical courage
and moral strength.
upon b. insist on c. stand up to d. persist in
his action consistent ______ his principles?
a. with b. in c. of d. by
is by far the best player ______ the team.
a. for b. on c. in d. to
foreign firm has bought more than half of the shares in his company and ______.
a. got over
it b. overtaken
it c. taken it
over d. overcome
a heated bargaining they agreed ______ the price for the car.
a. to b. with c. on d. in
all the difficulties and discomforts, they went on working at the design.
of b. In proportion
with c. As a result
of d. In spite of
questions left ______ by history must be settled one by one.
a. alone b. off c. out d. over
is just three o’clock p.m. The plane just _____ five minutes ago.
off b. took up c. took out d. took in
government warned the people living in the forest to be ______ fire.
a. with regard
to b. on guard c. on guard against d. in regard to
sleep blood pressure is normally ______ its lowest.
a. in b. for c. at d. by
parents and the children will have to leave the country ______ good.
a. with c. over c. on d. for
their parents nor their friends have approved ______ their marriage yet.
a. for b. of c. to d. with
testing, if well done, most certainly ______ a stimulus to study and real
for b. acts on c. acts as d. acts to
the experiment we kept a watchful eye ______ the developments and recorded
a. in b. at c. for d. on
106. The French pianist who had been praised very highly
______ to be a great disappointment.
up b. turned in c. turned out d. turned down
107. In the
advanced course students must take performance tests ______ monthly intervals.
a. in b. over c. at d. between
108. We regret to
inform you that the materials you ordered are ______.
a. out of
work b. out of
reach c. out of
practice d. out of
109. In the United
States professors have many other duties ______ teaching, such as
administrative or research work.
besides b. except c. but d. with
110. he attempted
______ to set up a company of his own.
vain b. on vain c. in vain d. of vain
111. On hearing the
news that her father died, she ______ tears.
out b. burst in c. burst into d. burst forth
112. She was
annoyed at his comment, thinking that he visitor _____ her.
down b. looked highly of c. looked low at d. looked down upon
comparison to my boyhood, my undergraduate years in Oklahoma were paradise.
a. In b. With c. By d. For
114. The United
States is a major consumer of coffee, yet it does not have the climate to grow any
______ its own.
a. on b. for c. of d. to
115. The accounts
have always been handled ______ the banks policies.
accordance with c. in
contrast with d. in line with
116. His inability
to learn foreign languages was an obstacle ______ his career.
a. of b. to c. for d. as
117. The purpose of
the official inquiry is to ______ the true facts leading to the loss of the
ship at sea.
at b. come for c. come into d. come over
picked up in the stores during December, but ______ again after Christmas.
off b. dropped
out c. dropped
over d. dropped on
119. Many words
associated with life in the West are Spanish ______ origin.
a. on b. in c. at d. from
120. The custom of visiting
friends, relatives and neighbors on New Year’s Day is one the Old World
traditions that has ______ a new form in the United States.
up b. taken on c. taken over d. taken off
121. Some workers
fear the loss of social identity that can ______ not having a job.
result in b. result from c. bring up d. bring on
122. Most of the leading food shops have promised
to ______ prices until after the new year.
off b. keep down c. keep out d. keep back
123. ______ classical
music, which follows formal European traditions, jazz is a spontaneous and free
comparison with b. In
connection with c. In
contrast to d. In
124. Alice ______ when a crowd from a train rushed
through the gate.
after b. looked
in c. looked over d. looked up
125. The news of
important events is broadcast often _______ over television.
a. on the
average b. on the
contrary c. on the
spot d. on the whole
不定冠词a （an）与数词one 同源，是"一个"的意思。a用于辅音音素前，一般读作[e]，而an则用于元音音素前，一般读做[en]。
1） 表示"一个"，意为one；指某人或某物，意为a certain。例如：
A Mr. Ling is waiting for you. 有位姓凌的先生在等你。
A knife is a tool for cutting with. 刀是切割的工具。
Mr. Smith is an engineer. 史密斯先生是工程师。
3） 组成词组或成语，如a little / a few / a lot /
a type of / a pile / a great many / many a / as a rule / in a hurry / in a
minute / in a word / in a short while / after a while / have a cold / have a
try /keep an eye on / all of a sudden等。
Take the medicine. 把药吃了。
He bought a house. I've been to the house. 他买了幢房子。我去过那幢房子。
3）指世上独一物二的事物，如the sun， the sky， the moon， the
4）与单数名词连用表示一类事物，如the dollar 美元; the
fox 狐狸；或与形容词或分词连用，表示一类人：the rich 富人; the living 生者。
Where do you live? I live on the second
That's the very thing I've been looking
They are the teachers of this school.（指全体教师）
They are teachers of this school. （指部分教师）
She caught me by the arm.. 她抓住了我的手臂。
the People's Republic of China 中华人民共和国
the United States 美国
She plays the piano. 她会弹钢琴。
the Greens 格林一家人 （或格林夫妇）
in the day, in the morning （afternoon，evening）, the
day after tomorrow
the day before yesterday, the next morning,
in the sky （water，field，country）
in the dark, in the rain, in the distance,
in the middle （of）, in the end,
on the whole, by the way, go to the theatre
They are teachers. 他们是教师。
Failure is the mother of success. 失败乃成功之母。
Man cannot live without water. 离开水人就无法生存。
We go to school from Monday to Friday. 我们从星期一到星期五都上课。
The guards took the American to General Lee. 士兵们把这个美国人送到李将军那里。
I can't write without pen or pencil. 没有钢笔和铅笔，我就写不了字。
9）当by 与火车等交通工具连用，表示一种方式时，中间无冠词，如by bus，by
go to hospital 去医院看病
go to the hospital 去医院 （并不是去看病，而是有其他目的）
b. 序数词作副词。例如：He came first in the race. 他跑步得了第一。
c. 在固定词组中，如at（the）first, first of all, from first to last等。
He raises a black and a white cat. 他养了一只黑猫和一只白猫。
The black and the white cats are hers. 这只黑猫和白猫都是他的。
He raises a
black and white cat. 他养了一只花猫。
I have never seen such an animal. 我从来没见过这样的动物。
Many a man is fit for the job. 许多人适合这岗位。
b. 当名词前的形容词被副词as, so, too, how, however,
It is as pleasant a day as I have ever
So short a time 如此短的时间
Too long a distance 距离太远了
前仍有形容词，不定冠词放其前后均可，如：rather a cold day/a rather cold day。
d. 在as，though 引导的让步状语从句中，当表语为形容词修饰的名词时，不定冠词放形容词后。例如：
Brave a man though he is，he trembles at the
sight of snakes. 他尽管勇敢，可见到蛇还是发抖。
定冠词通常位于名词或名词修饰语前，但放在all， both，double，half，twice，three times等词之后，名词之前。例如：
All the students in the class went out. 班里的所有学生都出去了。
1）基数词一般可写成如345或three hundred and forty-five。
a. 与of 短语连用，表示概数，不能与具体数目连用，如scores of
They arrived in twos and threes. 他们三三两两的到了。
d. 表示"年代"，用 in +the +数词复数。
e. 在乘法运算的一种表示法里，如Three fives is（are）fifteen。
序数词的缩写形式如first---1st second---2nd thirty-first---31st等。
a. 主语+谓语+倍数（或分数）+ as + adj. + as。例如
I have three times as many as you. 我有你三倍那么多。
b. 主语+谓语+倍数（分数）+ the size （amount，length…）
The earth is 49 times the size of the
c. 主语+谓语+倍数（分数）+ 形容词（副词）比较级+ than…。例如：
The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year. 今年比去年粮食产量增加8%。
The production of grain has been increased
by four times this year. 今年粮食产量增加了4倍。
3/37 three and
1.When Linda was a child, her mother always let her have
the breakfast in b. the breakfast in the c. breakfast in d. breakfast in the
2.He has promised to give up ______
hundreds of times.
a tobacco b. tobacco c. the tobacco d. tobaccos
3.______ usually go to church every
The Brown b. A Brown c. Browns d. The Browns
4.The train is running fifty miles
an hour b. one hour c. the hour d. a hour
5.He can play almost every kind of
music instrument but he is good ______.
at the flute b. at flute c. at a flute d. at that flute
6.The investigators found that more
should be done for ______ in India.
those poor b. a poor c. poor d. the poor
7.You look in high spirit. You must
have ______ during your holiday.
wonderful time b. a
wonderful time c. the wonderful
time d. some wonderful time
8.The city assigned a policeman to the
school crossing because ______ traffic there was so heavy.
a b. an c. the d. one
9.A new teacher was sent to the village
in place of ______ one who had retired.
a b. the c. an d. its
10.Virtue and vice are before you;______
leads you to happiness,______ to misery.
the former…latter b. a former…a latter
the former…the latter d. former…latter
11.The children in the kinder-garden
soon took ______ to their teachers.
b. a quite fancy
c. quite a fancy
d. the quite fancy
12.______ tend to bemoan the lack of
character in the young generation.
The old b. Old c. Elderly d. Older
13.A man suffering from a chock should
be given ______.
hot sweet tea b. a hot sweet tea c. the hot sweet tea d. one hot sweet tea
14.He answered my questions with ______
not to be expected of an ordinary schoolboy.
b. a accuracy
c. the accuracy
d. an accuracy
15.If you go by train you can have quite
______ comfortable journey.
b. one c. a d. that
16.We’re going to ______ with ______
today, aren’t we?
the tea…the Smiths b. tea…those Smiths c. a tea…a Smith d. tea…the Smiths
17.I want an assistant with ______
knowledge of French and ______ experience of office routine.
the…the b. a…the c. a…an
18.Ann’s habit of riding a motorcycle up
and down the road early in the morning annoyed the neighbors and ______ they
took her to the court.
in the end b. at the end c. in an end d. in end
19.It is reported that today ______
president will have lunch with ______ President Omon.
the…the b. a…a c. the…/ d. /…/
20.Tianan Men Square and ______ Great
Wall are tow of the places everyone should see in ______ People’s Republic of
b. /…/ c. the…/ d. /…the
21.It has long been known that there is
an electric field ______.
inside the earth b. inside earth c. inside an earth d. on earth
22.______ much harder work, the
volunteers were able to place the raging forest fire______.
By the means of…under the control b. By means of…under control
c.By means of…under a control d. By a
means of…under control
23.No sooner had the man departed than
the tree began dropping coffee beans ______.
by the thousand b. by a thousand c. by thousands d. by thousand
24.He expressed ______ of their having
ever been married.
the doubt b. a doubt c. doubt d. an doubt
25.He saw through the little boy’s
b. at the glance
c. at some glance d.
at a glance
26.Their victory is ______,for they’ve
lost too many men.
out of question b. out of the question c. out question d. of question
27.Many a girl wants to become ______.
some secretary b. a secretary c. secretary d. secretaries
28.He grabbed me ______ and pulled me
onto the bus.
b. an arm c. the
arm d. by the arm
29.I’ll come in ______ minute; in fact I’ll
come ______ moment I’m through.
a./…the b. a…the c. the…a d. /…/
30.This is one of ______ interesting
books on your subject.
b. the most of the
c. most d. most of
31.He enjoys life ______ the “Queen Anne”.
on a board
b . on board c. in
the board d. board
32.He lost his fob and ______ his wife
on that top
b. on top of that c.
on a top of that d. on the
33.Most of the representatives think
that ______ the meeting was very successful.
on whole of
b. on a whole c. on
the whole d. on the whole
34.Under no circumstances will there be
wage control while I am ______ of the government.
the head b. a head
c. head d. that head
35.Like his sister, David needed ______
from some generous person in order to get home.
b. some ride c.
ride d. the ride
36.The brain’s left hemisphere controls
logic and language, while ______controls intuitive talents and musical ability.
the right b. a right c. that right d. right one
37.______ is setting up a research team
to see how children react to video games.
The Japan’s Health Ministry b. Japan’s health Ministry
A Japan’s health Ministry d. Japan health Ministry
38.Unlike Americans, who seem to prefer
coffee,______ a great deal of tea.
English drink b. The English drink c. English man drink d. the English drinks
39.Hundreds of people are ______ now, so
there are about 50 people trying for the same position.
a.out of the work b. out work c. out of work d. out of a work
40.His mother taught ______ ,but his
father was only a blue-collar worker.
b. an piano c. the
piano d. a piano
41.Contrary to what I had expected, he
lost for ______.
second time b. a second time c. second times d. the second time
42.Fashions change and people change
too, but the old feeling remains ______.
b. same c. that
same d. as same
43.We are going to dine tomorrow with
______ to celebrate Christmas Day.
b. Cunnings c. The
Cunnings d. Cunning’s
44.This is ______ which is collected
before the first rain in Spring.
one tea b. a tea c. the tea d. that tea
45.______ is known by its note,______ is
known by his talk.
A bird/a man b. One bird/one man c. The bird/the man d. Bird/man
46.Never travel with ______ who leaves
you in case of danger.
the friend b. that friend c. a friend d. friend
47.Do you think it possible for the
North Pole to have ______ a few thousand years from now?
b. a Shanghai
c. the Shanghai
d. one Shanghai
48.I don’t think ______ is a better car
than our makes.
b. Ford’s c.
the Ford d. Ford
49.I didn’t know why he looked angry
when I patted him ______.
on the head b. on head c. on a head d. on his head
50.he never fails to give you ______
when you are in trouble.
his helping hands b. the helping hand c. helping hands d. a helping hand
51.The historical events of that period
are arranged ______.
in alphabetical order b. in an alphabetical order
in the alphabetical orders d. in a alphabetical orders
52.The like to take a vacation ______.
one time the year b. one time in a year c. once a year d. once in a year
53.“What is Todger?” “He is ______.”
a poet and novelist b. a poet and a novelist
poet and novelist d. the poet and novelist
you pay the workers?”
“As a rule, they are paid ______.”
by an your b. by the hour c. by a hour d. by hours
55.The DMZ extends about two hundred
from east to west
b. from the east to west
from the east to the west d. from eastern to western
56.What ______ are you planning to buy?
make of car b. make of the car c. make of a car d. make of cars
57.______,you can’t fool her.
The child though Rowena is b. Though child Rowena is
As child Rowena is
d. Child as Rowena is
58.What’s ______ is to get information
about the situation first.
the wisest b. a wisest c. the wiser d. wisest
59.The differences between ______ are
gradually being eliminated.
the town and the country b. town and country
a town and a country d. a town
and the country
60.Scientists hope to send an expedition
to Mars during ______.
the 1990s b. the
1990 c. 1990s d. 1990’s
1.______ martyrs have heroically laid
down their lives for the people.
a. Thousand upon thousand
of b. Thousand
and thousands of
c. Thousands upon thousands
of d. Thousand and thousand
2.They received ______ of letters about
their TV programs.
a. dozen b. dozen and dozen c score d. dozens
3.Who is that man,______ in the front
a. one b. the one c. first d. the first
4.We have produced ______ this year as
we did in 1993.
a. as much cotton twice b. as twice
c. much as twice cotton d. twice as
5.The earth is about ______ as the
a. as fifty time big b. fifty times as big c. as big fifty time d. fifty as times big
6.The population of many Alaskan cities
has ______ in the past three years.
a. more than doubled b. more doubled than
c. much than doubled d.
much doubled than
7.The moon is about _____ in diameter
as diameter as the earth.
a. one-three as large b. one three as large c. one-third as large d. one third as large
8.Five hundred yuan a month _____
enough to live on.
a. is b. are
c. is being d. has
9.______ of the buildings were ruined.
a. Three fourth b. Three four c. Three-fourths d. Three-four
10.Consult _____ for questions about
a. the six index b. index six c. sixth index d. index numbering six
11.She went to the countryside ______.
the morning at nine/on June first,1968 b. on June first,1968/in the morning at nine
nine in the morning/on June first,1968 d. on June first,1968/at nine in the morning
12.Three-fourths of the surface of the
earth ______ covered with water.
a. are b. is c. were
13.This month the production of
stainless steel in our steelworks has increased ______ 2,000 tons.
a. with b. in c. on
14.With the miniaturization of the
structural components the weight of these electric devices has decreased
________ 30 percent.
a. as b. with c. in
15.The Olympic Games are held ______.
four years b. every four year c. every fourth years d. every four-years
16.As he is not in good health, he goes
to his factory only ______ just to learn something about the progress of
a week b. one week c. one time a week d. one a week
17.Three students ______ in this
university come from the South.
a. of ten b. out of in ten c. out of ten d. in tens
18.Strings of the same thickness made of
nylon are ______.
times stronger than those b. five time stronger than those
times strong than those d. five times stronger
19.the wheels of the old wagon are nearly ______ those
of a modern car.
the size of b. twice size
of c. twice sizes of d. twice the size of
20.One day on the moon is ______.
Earth week long b. two
Earth weeks long
Earth weeks longer d. two Earth
1.My hand was hurt. Could you do ______
typing for me?
a. some b. many c. such d. any
2.There were ______ students in the
a. neither b. not c. no d. none
3.If it is of ______ use to you, please
a. some b. many c. no d. any
4.I’ve invited five people to tea this
afternoon. Out of them, only John and Mary can come,______ can’t.
a. other b. the other c. others d. the others
5.Most English people go to Spain for
the sea, the sun and all the ______ things associated with a relaxing holiday.
a. any b. another c. some d. other
6.______ were ironed by my mother
all sheets b. all of
sheets c. All the
sheets d. Sheets of
7.As usual,______ man was given his
a. every b. each c. all d. both
8.They saw ______ girls the day before
the other two b. the two
other both c. the both other
two d. the both two other
9.One uses the freezer, the computer
and the business school to manufacture ______ dishes in never a tick longer
than 100 seconds.
others b. other such c. such other d. other such a
10.______ boxer was strong, but ______
had a good build and was light on his feet.
a.Either/every b. Neither/each c. Both/both d. All the/all
11.______ was astonished to find himself
rooting and shouting in a most undignified manner.
b. A many elderly men
c. Many an
elderly man d. Many
12.I know now, of course, there is
______ as love.
such a thing b. not such
thing c. not a thing d. no such thing
13.As there were ______ life-boats for
everybody,40 lives were lost.
little b. so
little c. too few d. very few
14.He was brave;_____ soldiers fought so
bravely in that battle.
others b. no another c. no other d. not other
15.I don’t think we have met before. I’m
afraid you’re confusing me with ______.
other b. some other
person c. other
person d. one other
16.Weekends last from Friday evening to
Sunday night.______ days are week-days.
other b. Another c. Other d. Every other
17.We had ______ good time that we hated
to leave the party.
a b. such c. so d. pretty
18.Paris is ______ that we can hardly visit all the beautiful
parks in two or three days.
a. such large a city b. so a large city c. such a large city d. a such large city
19.Deputies to the National People’s Congress are elected_______.
every four year
b. each four years
c. every of four years
d. every four years
20.There is hardly ______difference
between the two libraries.
a. no b. any c. much d. some
21.For young people, Carpenter is ______
their popular b. most
popular of theirs
c.their most popular d. most popular of their
22.______ are about the American
book b. Both books c. All the two book d. all of two books
23.When I am in trouble, my friends will
give me their hands without ______ hesitation.
a. some b. a c. any
24.You’re welcome to my house ______
time you’d like.
a. the b. any c. no d. some
25.He was very much disappointed because
______ went to his wedding party.
his friends b. all no his
friends c. none his
friends d. none of his
26.You shouldn’t stop your car here
since there is a sign ‘______’.
Parking b. No Park c. No Parking d. Not a Park
27.I cannot invited ______ of you, since
I’ve got only one extra ticket.
a. either b. both c. some
28.______ the idioms are not easy to
remember and use.
a. Every b. Some c. All
29.There is a line of trees in ______
side of the river.
a. every b. each c. per
30.______ our countries are developing
a. Each b. Either c. Every d. Both
31.The scientist wrote a number of
books, but ______ books were novels.
two his b. his last two c. two his last d. last two of his
32.Have you got ______ copies to go
a. much c. a large amount of c. enough d. great
33.You can never use my car. ____ time
should you touch it.
no b. At any c. any d. No
34.My brother is going on the picnic
with ______ friends.
two little other b.
other his two little c. his other little two d. his two other little
35.Those examples are not enough, you
should give ______ examples to make your argument convincing.
a. some b. any c. some more d. any more
36.______ feels entitled to more in life
than just housework.
women b. A lot of woman c. Many a woman d. A few woman
37.You will have to practice ______
times before you can do it.
a.many more b. more many c. more often d. more several
38.It is ______ work of art that
everyone wants to have a look at it.
so unusual b. such an
unusual c. so unusual d. such unusual
39.This cake is delicious, but I can’t
a. some b. no c. any d. much
40.Here are some books by American
writers. You can read ______ you like.
a. any b. which c. what one d. whichever one
例如：He is my friend. 他是我的朋友。
It's me. 是我。
例如： I like his car. 我喜欢他的小汽车。
Our school is here，and theirs is
That is a good idea. 那是个好主意。
She was talking to herself. 她自言自语。
五、 表示相互关系的代词叫相互代词，有each other 和one another两组，但在运用中，这两组词没什么大的区别。例如：
They love each other. 他们彼此相爱。
--- Do you have a car? --你有一辆小汽车吗？
--- Yes，I have one. --是的，我有一辆。
--- I don't know any of them. 他们，我一个也不认识。
Tell me who he is. 告诉我他是谁。
He is the man whom you have been looking
John waited a while but eventually he went home. 约翰等了一会儿，最后他回家了。
John hoped the passenger would be Mary and indeed it was she. 约翰希望那位乘客是玛丽，还真是她。
When he arrived, John went straight to the bank. 约翰一到就直接去银行了。
I saw her with them, at least, I thought it was her. 我看到她和他们在一起，至少我认为是她。（her做宾
a. -- Who broke the vase? --谁打碎了花瓶？
b. -- Me. --我。（me做主语补语= It's me.）
---- I like English. --我喜欢英语。
---- Me too. --我也喜欢。
---- Have more wine? --再来点酒喝吗?
---- Not me. --我可不要了。
He is taller than I/me.
He is taller than I am.
a. 在介词but，except 后，有时可用主格代替宾格。
---- I wish to speak to Mary. --我想和玛丽通话。
---- This is she. --我就是玛丽。
注意：在动词be 或to be 后的人称代词视其前面的名词或代词而定。
I thought it was she. 我以为是她。 （主格----主格）
I thought it to be her. （宾格----宾格）
I was taken to be she. 我被当成了她。 （主格----主格）
They took me to be her. 他们把我当成了她。 （宾格----宾格）
1）不定代词 anybody，everybody，nobody，anyone， someone， everyone，no
one， 及whoever和person在正式场合使用时，可用he, his, him代替。例如：
Nobody came, did he? 谁也没来，是吗?
Give the cat some food. She is hungry. 给这猫一些吃的。她饿了。
－> 第三人称 －> 第一人称，即you－> he/she; it -> I。例如：
You, he and I should return on time.
2） 复数人称代词作主语时，其顺序为：第一人称 －> 第二人称 －> 第三人称，即we －>you－>they。
It was I and John that made her angry. 是我和约翰惹她生气了。
I and you try to finish it. 我和你去弄好它。
John had cut
his finger; apparently there was a broken glass on his desk.
Jack's cap 意为The cap is Jack's。
His cap 意为The cap is his。
May I use your pen? Yours works better. 我可以用一用你的钢笔吗？
I love my motherland as much as you love
interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in yours.
The life I have is yours. It's yours. It's
物主代词不可与 a, an, this, that, these, those, some, any,
several, no, each, every, such, another, which等词一起前置，修饰一个名词，而必须用双重所有格。公式为：a,
an, this, that +名词+of +名词性物主代词。例如：a friend of mine, each brother of his.
a. 有些动词需有反身代词，如absent, bathe, amuse, blame,
dry, cut, enjoy, hurt, introduce, behave等。例如：
We enjoyed ourselves very much last night. 我们昨晚玩得很开心。
Please help yourself to some fish. 请你随便吃点鱼。
b. 用于及物动词+宾语+介词，如take pride in, be annoyed
with, help oneself to sth等。例如：
I could not dress（myself）up at that time. 那个时候我不能打扮我自己。
注：有些动词后不跟反身代词，如：get up, sit-down, stand
up, wake up等。例如：
Please sit down. 请坐。
3） 用作表语，如结构be oneself。例如：
I am not
myself today. 我今天不舒服。
The thing itself is not important. 事情本身并不重要。
5） 在不强调的情况下，but, except, for 等介词后宾语用反身代词或人称代词宾格均可。如：No
one but myself（me）is hurt.
（错） Myself drove the car.
（对） I myself drove the car. 我自己开车。
b. 但在and, or, nor连接的并列主语中，第二个主语可用反身代词，特别是myself 作主语。例如：
Charles and myself saw it. 查尔斯和我看见了这件事。
1）相互代词只有each other和one another两个词组。他们表示句中动词所叙述的动作或感觉在涉及的各个对象之间是相互存在的。例如：
It is easy to see that the people of
different cultures have always copied each other.
People should love one another. 人们应当彼此相爱。
Does bark, cocks crow, frogs croak to each other. 吠、鸡鸣、蛙儿对唱。
说明：传统语法认为，相互关系存在于两个人或物之间用each other， 存在于两个以上人和物之间用one another。现代英语中，两组词交替使用的实例也很多。例如：
He put all the books beside each other/one
Usually these small groups were independent
of each other. 这些小团体通常是相互独立的。
The students borrowed each other's notes. 学生们互借笔记。
/ that）和复数（these / those）两种形式，既可作限定词又可做代词。例如：
This girl is Mary.
Those men are my teachers.
This is Mary.
Those are my teachers.
This is the way to do it. 这事儿就该这样做。
I like this better than that. 我喜欢这个甚至那个。
My point is this. 我的观点就是如此。
I don't say no to that. 我并未拒绝那个。
There is no fear of that. 那并不可怕。
（对）That is my teacher. 那是我的老师。（that作主语，指人）
（对）He is going to marry this
（错）He is going to marry this. （this作宾语时不能指人）
（对）I bought this. 我买这个。（this指物，可作宾语）
（对） He admired that which
looked beautiful. 他赞赏外表漂亮的东西。
（对） He admired those who looked
（错） He admired that who danced
（对） He admired those who
danced well. 他赞赏跳舞好的人。（those指人）
（对） He admired those which
looked beautiful. 他赞赏那些外表漂亮的东西。（those指物）
指人： who, whom, whose
疑问代词：Whose are these books on the desk? 桌上的书是谁的？
What was the directional flow of U. S.
territorial expansion? 美国的领土扩张是朝哪个方向的？
限定词：Whose books are these on the desk? 桌上的书是谁的？
led to most of the east of the Mississippi River becoming part of the United
说明1：无论是做疑问代词还是限定词，which 和 what 所指的范围不同。what所指的范围是无限的，而which则指在一定的范围内。例如：
Which girls do you like best? 你喜欢哪几个姑娘？
do you like best? 你喜欢什么样的姑娘？
you meet on the street? 你在街上遇到了谁？（作动词宾语）
Who（m） are you taking the book to? 你要把这书带给谁？（作介词宾语，置句首）
To whom did you speak on the campus? 你在校园里和谁讲话了？（作介词宾语，置介词后，不能用who取代。）
For what do most people live and work? 大部分人生活和工作的目的是什么？（旧文体）
What are you
looking for? 你在找什么？（现代英语）
I can't make out what he is driving at. 我不知道他用意何在。
Can you tell me whose is the
blue shirt on the bed? 你能告诉我床上的蓝衬衣是谁的吗？
Much of what
you say I agree with, but I cannot go all the way with you.
The girl to whom I spoke is my cousin. 跟我讲话的姑娘是我表妹。
2） 关系代词有主格，宾格和属格之分，并有指人与指物之分。在限定性定语从句中，that 可指人也可指物，见表：
例如：This is the pencil whose point is broken. 这就是那枝折了尖的铅笔。（whose
He came back for the book which he had forgotten. 他回来取他丢下的书。（which指物，在限定性定语从句中作宾语，可以省略）
He said he saw me there, which was a lie. 他说在那儿看到了我，纯属谎言。
I've forgotten much of the Latin I once knew. 我过去懂拉丁语，现在大都忘了。
He's changed. He's not the man he was. 他变化很大，已不是过去的他了。
3.12 every , no, all, both,
1）不定代词有all , both, every, each, either, neither, more,
little, few, much, many, another, other, some, any , one, no 以及some, something,
anything, everything, somebody, someone, anybody, anyone, nothing , nobody, no
one, none, everybody, everyone.等。
a. 除every 和no外不定代词既可用作名词，也可用作形容词。every和no在句中只能作定语。例如：
I have no idea about it. 我不知该咋办。
b. all 都，指三者以上。all 的主谓一致：all的单复数由它所修饰或指代的名词的单复数决定。例如：
All goes well. 一切进展得很好。
all 通常不与可数名词单数连用，如：不说 all the book，而说 the whole book。
但all可与表时间的可数名词单数连用，如 all day，all night，all the year；但习惯上不说 all hour，all
all还可以与一些特殊的单数名词连用，如 all China，all the city，all my life，all the way
a. both 与复数动词连用，但 both… and…可与单数名词连用。
b. both, all 都可作同位语，其位置在行为动词前， be 动词之后。如果助动词或情态动词后面的实义动词省
Who can speak Japanese? 谁能讲日本话？
We both（all）can. 我们都不会。
She can't sing，neither（can）he. 她不会唱歌，他也不会。
5）neither 与nor 的比较
a. 如前句是否定式从句，则主句用neither，而不用 nor。例如：
If you don't do it，neither should I. 如果你不干，我也不干。
He can't sing，nor dance，nor skate. 他不会唱歌，不会跳舞，也不会滑冰。
3.13 none, few, some, any, one, ones
一、 none 无
1） none作主语，多与of 构成短语 none of。 在答语中，none可单独使用。例如：
Are there any pictures on the wall? 墙上有画吗？
It is none of your business. 闲事莫管。
2） 当做"某一"解时，也可与单数名词连用。（= a certain）
You will be sorry for this some day. 总有一天，你会为此后悔的。
A certain （some） person has seen you break
the rule. 有些人不同意你的看法。
Would you like句式中，表委婉请求或建议。例如：
Would you like some coffee? 喝咖啡吗？
If you need some help，let me know. 需要帮助，跟我说。
Some students haven't been there before. 有些学生没去过那儿。
I haven't heard from some of my old
friends these years. 这些年我没有收到一些老朋友的信。
1） any 多用于否定句和疑问句和条件状语从句中。
Here are three novels. You may read any. 这有三本小说，你可任读一本。
Have you bought any rulers? 买尺了吗？
Yes, I 've bought some. 买了，买了几把。
3.14 one，that 和it
I can't find my hat. I think I must buy one.（不定）我找不到我的帽子了。我想我该去买一顶。
The hat you bought is bigger than that I
I can't find my hat. I don' t know where I
put it.（ 同一物）我找不到我的帽子。我不知道我把它放在哪了。
3.15 one/another/the other
some… the others 有三个以上
others = other people/things
the others = the rest 剩余的全部
2） 一定范围内两人（物），一个用one，另一个用the other。
3） 一定范围内三者，一个用one，另一个用one （another），第三个可用the
4） 一定范围内，除去一部分人/物，剩余的全部用the others。
is one of the students who help me.
He is the one of the students who helps me. 他是帮我的学生之一。
第一句定语从句与the students 一致。
第二句定语从句与the one 一致。
3.17 anyone/any one；no one/none；every/each
1．anyone 和 any one
2．no one 和none
a） none 后跟of短语，既可指人又可指物，而no one只单独使用，只指人。
b） none 作主语，谓语动词用单，复数均可，而no one作主语谓语动词只能是单数。例如：
None of you could lift it. 你们中没有人可举起它。
---- Did any one call me up just now? --刚才有人打电话给我吗?
---- No one. --没有。
1） every 强调全体的概念， each强调个体概念。例如：
Every student in our school works hard. 我们学校的学生都很用功。
Each student may have one book.. 每个学生都可有一本书。
2） every 指三个以上的人或物（含三个），each指两个以上的人或物 （含两个）。
3） every 只作形容词，不可单独使用。each可作代词或形容词。例如：
Every boy has to take one. 每个男孩必须取一个。
Each boy has to take one.
Each of the boys has to take one.
5） every 有反复重复的意思，如 every two weeks等； each没有。
6） every 与not 连用，表示部分否定； each 和not连用表示全部否定。例如：
Every man is not honest. 并非每个人都诚实。
Each man is not honest. 这儿每个人都不诚实。
3.18 both, either, neither, all, any,
1） both （两者都），either（两者中任何一个），neither （两者都不）。以上词使用范围为两个人或物。例如：
Neither of the two boys is clever. 两个男孩都不聪明。
Both the boys are clever. 两个男孩都很聪明。
Either of the two boys is clever.
There are flowers on both sides of the street. 路边长满了野花。
There are flowers on either side of the street.
3） all （所有的，全部的人或物），any （任何一个）， none （都不）。 以上词使用范围为三者以上。例如：
All the flowers are gone. 所有的花都谢了。
I don't like any of the flowers. 这些花我都不喜欢。
I like none of the flowers. 这些花我都不喜欢。
All of the students are there. 所有的学生都在那。
All （of） the milk is there. 所有的牛奶都在那。
3.19 many, much
many + 可数名词，much + 不可数名词。例如：
How many people are there at the meeting? 多少人出席了会议。
How much time has we left? 还剩多少时间？
Many of the workers were at the meeting.许多工人在开会。
Much of the time was spent on learning.学习上化了许多时间。
3.20 few, little, a few, a little
（a） few + 可数名词,
（a） little + 不可数名词
a few / a little 为肯定含义，还有一点
few / little 为否定含义，没有多少了。例如：
He has a few friends. 他有几个朋友。
He has few friends. 他几乎没有朋友。
We still have a little time. 我们还有点时间。
There is little time left. 几乎没剩下什么时间了。
固定搭配：only a few （=few） not a few （=many）
quite a few （=many） many a （=many）。例如：
Many books were sold.
Many a book was sold. 卖出了许多书。
Although he 's wealthy，he spends___ on
A. little B. few C. a little D. a few
答案： A. spend所指的是钱，不可数，只能用little或 a
1.There are several pretty girls
standing under the tree, but ______ are known to me.
a. neither b. none c. no one
2.In one year rats eat 40 to 50 times
a. its b. and c. their
3.You’d better continue to use the same
spelling of your name as ______ you used in your application.
b. the one c.
any d. some one
4.The little baby was left alone, with
______ to look after it.
b. anyone c. not
one d. no one
5.John can play chess better than
b. no one c. any
one d. another
6.The weight of something is another
way of describing the amount of force exerted on ______ by gravity.
them c. that d. one
7.It is one thing to enjoy listening to
good music, but it is quite ______ to perform skillfully yourself.
b. another c.
some d. any
8.Children should be taught how to get
along with ______.
b. other c.
others d. any other
9.The poor man lived on wild berries
and roots because they had ______ to eat.
b. anything else c.
something other d. nothing
10.I go to the cinema ______ day,
Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays.
b. every other c.
this and the other d. all
11.One of the properties of light is
______ traveling in wave form as it goes from one place to another.
it’s c. its d. their
12.______ in the world has been asked to
do his duty for the human society.
Each of the tramps b. Every of the tramps c. The each tramp d. The every tramp
13.In some restaurants, food and service
are worse than ______ used to be.
b. it c. them d. that
14.Let the porter take all the baggage
out and put ______ in the lobby.
they c. them d. its
15.Everyone who comes to the party is
given a wooden apple with _____ own names cut in it as a souvenir.
b. her c. their d. our
in the class must give in ______ exercise book within the given time.
b. our c. his d. her
17.During the journey, the boys and
girls entertained ______ with songs and games.
b. theirselves c.
himself d. itself
better buy ______ some fruits when you go on a trip.
b. myself c.
yourself d. you
19.The boys in this town like to bully
b. one and other c.
each other d. one and
20.One common family name is
Black,______ is Anderson.
another b. the other c. others d. none other
21.I have two novels: one of the two is “Gone
with the Wind’, and ______ is “the Tale of Two Cities’.
another b. other c. none other d. the other
22.All girls wear beautiful clothes.
Some are dressed in red;______ in green.
other b. another c. others d. none other
23.She can’t seem to help herself. And
______ can help her, either.
none else b. no one
else c. not any d. somebody else
24.Children can usually dress ______ by
the age of five.
b. them c.
hiself d. themselves
25.The gold watch had belonged to me for
years, but the police refused to believe it was ______.
me b. my c. mine d. I’s
26.Mother would not let Mary and ______
attend the hockey game.
I b. my c. me d. we
27.In a news conference this afternoon,
the university announced that ______ intends to make several important changes
in next year’s budget.
he b. it c. she d. they
28.______ but a fool can make such a
Everyone b. No other c. Not all d. None
29.The poem by Browning is so observed
that I cannot grasp ______ meaning.
its b. it’s c. their d. that
30.The mayor felt that the police, in
spite of the reports, had done ______ best.
its b. their c. his d. our
31.I haven’t read ______ of the last
four chapters, so I know little about them.
anything b. any c. some d. something
32.A pretty face may win friends but it
takes character and personality to hold ______.
them c. that d. one
33.In the discussion, one speaker held
that, since we live in a money-oriented society, the average individual cares
little about solving ______.
anyone else’s problems b. anyone’s else problems
anyone else problems d. problems of anyone else
34.I don’t know whether small oranges
are sweeter than big ______.
those b. ones c. one d. that
35.‘How much water is left in the bottle?’
Nothing b. None c. Not some d. Not one
36.It took two of them to do the work
that ______ of us could do.
someone b. anyone c. any one d. everyone
37.He has five children, and ______ of
them is good at painting.
everyone b. everybody d. every one d. every
38.I have three brothers,______ are in
no one of them b. neither of
them c. some of them d. none of them
39.Some of my students study a
lot,______ just don’t care.
anothers b. the other c. some other d. others
40.As a matter of fact, Saudi Arabia’s
oil reserves are second only to ______.
Kuweit b. that of
Kuweit c. Kuweits’s d. those of Kuweit
41.This book of _______ used to be one
of the best sellers in the shop.
his b. him c. that man d. this
42.We should always keep ______
well-informed of the changing information.
us b. ours c. ourselves d. we
43.The climate here is often said to be
similar to ______.
Japan b. one of Japan c. that of Japan d. in Japan
44.Hunted by constant fear of arrest,
the thief ______ to the police at last.
gave it up
b. gave up himself c.
gave him up d. gave himself
45.______ of the boys in the class who
have passed the test is to receive certificates.
Every b. Every one c. Any d. Anyone
46.Do you believe that she has blamed us
for the accident, especially ______?
you and me b. you and I c. I and you d. me and you
47.Of those who graduated with ______,Ellen
is the only one who has found a good job.
Betty and he b. he and
Betty c. Betty and him d. Him and Betty
48.He is surprised by ______ having to
pay for the accident.
you b. yours c. your d. your’s
49.This is a left hand glove and that is
other b. the other one c. other one d. another
50.Add those examples to ______ you have
one b. the one c. one d. the ones
51.Have you got a ticket? Yes, I’ve got ______.
it b. the one c. one d. the ones
52.There’s the doorbell; I hope ______
its b. it’s c. is d. he’s
53.It’s cheaper to buy old furniture
than to have new ______ made.
one b. ones c. furniture d. furnitures
54.Those of us who are over fifty years
old should get ______ blood pressure checked regularly.
their b. their’s c. our d. ours
55.Every man and woman eighteen years of
age or older is eligible to vote for the candidate of ______.
his choice b. their
choice c. the choice
of him d. the choice of
56.I bite my nails. I must break ______.
the habit of me b. the habit
with myself c. myself of the
habit d. of the habit myself
57.______ of them shared my opinions, so
we have ______ in common to discuss.
Nobody/a little b.
Few/little c. A
few/little d. None/many
58.When science, business and art learn
something of ______ methods and goals, the world will have come closer to
one and the other’s b. each
and the other’s
c. one another’s d. the
one’s and the other’s
59.The boy is
______ of a musician.
b. anything c.
someone d. something
60.For ______ interested in nature, the
club offers hikes and overnight camping each week during the summer.
them b. whom c. themselves d. those
61.The use of radar as well as the
two-way radio ______ for the police to intercept most speeders.
make it possible b. makes it
possible c. makes possible d. make it a possibility
62.The family never agree about ______
shares of the property.
her b. its c. their d. his
63.The flock of geese was flying through
the sky in perfect formation following ______ leader.
its b. their c. his d. her
64.When Jonathan went to Spain with his
sister, he bought a leather coat for her and another for ______.
him b. himself c. he d. his
65.Those of us who wear glasses should
have ______ eyes examined at regular intervals.
their b. our c. his d. her
66.Frank admired his friends Tom and
David. He imitated ______.
a. theirs every action b. every action of theirs c. every of their action d. every action of their one
67.My desk is ______.
b. between his one c.
beside his one d. beside his
68.“May I speak to Iris?”
“This is ______ speaking.”
a. she b.
hers’s c. hers d. her
69.Mary is the landlady ______.
from who we rent the flat b. from whom we rent the flat
whom we rent the flat d. who we rent the flat
70.Give the message to ______ is at the
whomever b. whosever c. whatever d. whoever
71.It was through experimentation ______
people found out he behavior of electricity.
b. which c. / d. the
72.______ Nat Turner who led a revolt
against slavery in Virginia in 1831.
Where was b. It was c. He was d. it was him
73.It wasn’t ______ telephoned me.
he whom b. him
whom c. he who d . his who
74.It was ______ he bought the magazine.
from a second-hand store where b. a second-hand store in which
in a second-hand store that d. in a
second-hand store where
75.It was ______ late in the evening
that the students returned to the dormitories.
till b. before c. when d. not until
76.It was ______ that he did not go to
Mount Lao with us.
because he was ill b. as he was ill
since he was ill d. though he was ill
77.It was ______ that he joined the
finding Comrade Li b.
found Comrade Li c. to find
Comrade Li d. find Comrade Li
78.Was it ______ she agreed to help?
very reluctantly so that b. very reluctantly that
so reluctantly that d. very
79.______ she gave the postcards to?
Whom it was that b. Who it
was that c. Who was it
that d. It was who that
80.______ the camel can go for three
days without food or drink?
a. That it is why
b. That is it why c.
Why it is that d. Why
is it that
（错） He is an ill man.
（对） The man is ill.
（错） She is an afraid girl.
（对） The girl is afraid.
1） 大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。但 friendly，deadly，lovely，lonely，likely，lively，ugly，brotherly，仍为形容词。
改错： （错） She sang lovely.
（错） He spoke to me very
（对） Her singing was lovely.
（对） He spoke to me in a very
The Times is a weekly paper. 《时代周刊》为周刊。
The Times is published weekly. 《时代周刊》每周发行一期。
dead，the living，the rich，the poor，the blind，the hungry等。例如：
The poor are losing hope. 穷人行将失去希望。
British，the English，the French，the Chinese等。例如：
The English have wonderful sense of humor. 英国人颇有幽默感。
a small round table/ a tall gray building/
a dirty old brown shirt/ a famous German medical school/ an expensive Japanese
1） Tony is going camping with ___ boys.
A. little two other B. two little
other C. two other little D. little other two
2） One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the
A. old Chinese stone B. Chinese old stone C.
old stone Chinese D. Chinese stone old
3） ---- How was your recent visit to Qingdao?
---- It was great. We visited some
friends，and spent the ___days at the seaside.
A. few last sunny B. last few sunny C. last
sunny few D. few sunny last
+ three + beautiful + large + square +old + brown + wood + table。
We could see very clearly a strange light
ahead of us.我们清楚地看到前面有奇怪的光。
He speaks English well. 他英语说得好。
Please write slowly and carefully. 请写得慢一些，仔细一些
改错：（错） I very like English.
（对） I like English very much.
I don't know him well enough. 他我不熟悉。
There is enough food for everyone to eat.有足够的食物供每个人吃。
There is food enough for everyone to eat.
He is sitting close to me. 他就坐在我边上。
Watch him closely. 盯着他。
2） late 与lately
You have come too late. 你来得太晚了。
What have you been doing lately? 近来好吗？
He pushed the stick deep into the mud.他把棍子深深插进泥里。
Even father was deeply moved by the film.老爸也被电影深深打动了。
The plane was flying high. 这架飞机飞得很高。
I think highly of your opinion. 你的看法很有道理。
He opened the door wide. 他把门开得大大的。
English is widely used in the world.英语在世界范围内广泛使用。
You can eat free in my restaurant whenever
You may speak freely; say what you like.你可以畅所欲言，想说什么就说什么。
more important/ more easily
most important/ most easily
4.8. as + 形容词或副词原级 + as
He cannot run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。
2）当as… as 中间有名词时采用以下格式：as +形容词+ a +单数名词/ as + many/much
This is as good an example as the other is.
I can carry as much paper as you can. 你能搬多少纸，我也能。
This room is twice as big as that one. 这房间的面积是那间的两倍。
Your room is the same size as mine. 你的房间和我的一样大。
4）倍数+ as + adj. + as <=> 倍数+ the … + of。例如：
This bridge is three times as long as that
This bridge is three times the length of
Your room is twice as large as mine. 你的房间是我的两倍大。
Your room is twice the size of mine.
4.9 比较级形容词或副词 + than 。例如：
You are taller than I. 你比我高。
They lights in your room are brighter than
those in mine.你房间的那些灯比我房间里的亮。
（错） He is more cleverer than his brother.
（对） He is more clever than his brother.
（对） He is clever than his brother.
（错） China is larger than any country in
（对） China is larger than any other
countries in Asia.
The population of Shanghai is larger than
that of Beijing.
It is easier to make a plan than to carry
比较：Which is larger, Canada or Australia?
Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia?
She is taller than her two sisters.
She is the taller of the two sisters.
1）a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a
lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even等。
1）---- Are you feeling ____?
---- Yes，I'm fine now.
A. any well B. any better C. quite good D. quite better
答案：B. any 可修饰比较级，quite修饰原级，well的比较级为better.
2）The experiment was____ easier than we had expected.
A. more B. much more C. much D. more much
3）If there were no examinations, we should have ___ at school.
A. the happiest time B. a more happier time C. much
happiest time D. a much happier time
4.11 many, old 和 far
1） 如果后接名词时，much more +不可数名词，many more +可数名词复数。
2） old 有两种比较级和最高级形式: older/oldest 和elder/eldest。elder，eldest
My elder brother is an engineer. 我哥哥是个工程师。
Mary is the eldest of the three sisters. 玛丽是三姐妹中最大的。
3） far 有两种比较级，farther，further。一般father 表示距离，further表示进一步。例如：
I have nothing further to say. 我没什么要说了。
4.12 the + 最高级 + 比较范围
The Sahara is
the biggest desert in the world. 撒哈拉沙漠是世界上最大的沙漠。
It is a most important problem. =It is a
very important problem. 这是个很重要的问题。
（错） Tom is the tallest of his three
（对） Tom is the tallest of the three
2） 下列词可修饰最高级，by far, far, much, mostly, almost。例如：
This hat is nearly / almost the biggest. 这帽子差不多是最大的了。
This is the very best.
This is much the best.
Africa is the second largest continent.非洲是第二大洲。
Mike is the most intelligent in his class. 马克是班上最聪明的。
Mike is more intelligent than any other students in his class.
4） "否定词语+比较级"，"否定词语+ so… as"结构也可以表示最高级含义。例如：
Nothing is so easy as this. 没比这更简单的了。
=Nothing is easier than this.
=This is the easiest thing.
1） the more…the more… 越……就越……。例如：
The harder you work，the greater progress you'll
2） more B than A=less A than B 与其说A不如说B。例如：
He is more lazy than slow at his work. = He is
less slow than lazy at his work. 他工作时，与其说是反应慢不如说是懒。
3） no more… than… 与……一样……，不比……多。例如：
The officials could see no more than the
no less… than… 与……一样……。例如：
He is no less diligent than you. 他和你一样勤勉。
4） more than 不只是，非常。例如：
She is more than kind to us all. 她对我们非常热心。
1）The weather in China is different from____.
A. in America B. one in America C. America
D. that in America
2）After the new technique was introduced，the factory
produced ___ tractors in 1988 as the year before.
A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D.
twice many as
表示倍数用"倍数+ as + 形容词原形+ as +比较对象"的句型。所以此句答案为C。
modern machine proved ______ in heart surgery.
valuable b. highly
valuable c. valuable
high d. valuable
Johnson and his ______ daughter do not always understand each other.
a. older b. the oldest c. eldest d. the eldest
______ thought that the truth would be finally discovered.
a. little b. not c. small d. bit
hardly believe that the apartment which costs them $ 4,000 is ______.
small b. such
little c. so
little d. such small
a claim is kept ______, it is more likely to be recognized.
a. live b. lived c. alive d. living
his way to school he met ______, so he sent him to hospital.
a. very ill
man b. much sick
man c. serious ill
man d. very sick man
was operated a month ago but now she was ______.
good b. very well c. healthy d. good conditioned
I would do is to go ______.
quietly somewhere b.
somewhere quietly really
d. somewhere really quiet
chairman asked ______ to write their questions on a piece of paper and send
them to the front.
a. the present
members b. the members
c. the members
present d. the
price was very reasonable; I would gladly have paid ______ he asked.
a. three times
much as b. three times as many as
c. as three
times much as d. three times as
trousers are ______, but Tom does not care a bit.
a. too a
little small b. a
little too small c. a
too little small d. a
small too little
wore a dress to the party that was far more attractive than ______.
girls b. that of other
girls c. the other
girls d. those of
can play tennis better than ______ in the class.
boys b. any other
boy c. any boy d. any other
is taking her ______ tour of the shops in search of bargains.
a. daily b. day c. day time d. night
the child expresses his interest in an activity, the stronger it will become.
a. The more
frequent b. The
frequenter c. The more
frequently d. the
better wait _______ , Peter and Tom will come very soon.
a. a little
longer b. more
longer c. long d. as longer
the medicine tastes ______, it seems to help my condition.
a. bad b. badly c. too much bad d. too badly
she got her first month salary, Diana bought herself ______ dress.
a. a cotton ,
blue …expensive b. an
expensive … blue, cotton
c. a blue,
expensive … cotton d.
a cotton, expensive… blue
doctors have tried ______ to save the life of the wounded soldier.
possible humanly b.
humanly everything possible
humanly possible d.
humanly possible everything
was worried very much because I’ll miss my flight if the bus arrives ______.
a. lately b. late c. latter d. more later
noise outside was ______ his speech was hardly audible.
irritating that b. so
irritating so c. so
irritating that d. so
irritating enough that
harder the shrub is to grow, ______.
a. the more
higher price it b. the higher
price it is
c. the higher
the price is d. the
higher is the price
photographs of Mars taken by satellite are ______ taken from the earth.
b. clearer than that
c. much clear
than those d. much
clearer than those
anywhere in the United States costs less than a dollar when you dial it
Three-minute call b. A
three-minute call d. A
arrived ______ Professor Baker had already called the roll.
a. so lately
that b. as late
that c. so later
that d. so late
is ______ that I would like to go to the beach.
a. so nice
weather b. such nice
weather c. so nice a
weather d. such a nice
little car isn’t ______ to seat more than two people comfortably.
enough b. enough
big c. so big
enough d. big as
score on the exam was ______ to qualify him for a graduate program.
good b. well
enough c. as high
as d. good enough
plane is scheduled to arrive ______ because of bad weather.
a. lately b. late c. later d. latest
are ______ that I can’t finish them.
a. so long
assignments b. such
assignments d. so very long
find their way by squeaking ______ and guiding themselves by echoes.
fast b. very
fastly c. much
faster d. most fastly
application will be considered ______ your file is completed.
a. as quickly
as b. as soon as c. as fast as d. as early as
dress is prettier, but it costs ______ that one.
a. twice more
than b. twice as much
as c. as much twice
as d. twice so much as
new shopping center on the north side will have ______.
hundred more than shops
b. as more than five hundred shops
hundred shops more than
d. more than five hundred shops
more you study during the semester, ______ you have to study the week before
less b. the
lesser c. less d. the little
answer accurately is more important than ______.
a. a quick
finish b. to finish
quickly c. finishing
quickly d. you finish
a body enters the earth’s atmosphere, it travels ______.
a. in a rapid
manner b. fastly c. with great speed d. very rapidly
salary of a taxi driver is much higher _______.
comparison with the salary of a teacher b. than a teacher
c. than that
of a teacher
d. to compare as a teacher
occurs in valleys and on low grounds ______ on adjacent hills.
frequently as b. as
frequently than d. frequently than
can speak _______ in front of Mack, but she can’t eat ______ in his restaurant.
free b. free,
freely c. freely,
free d. freely, freely
will have to practice ______ times before you can do it.
more b. more
several c. more
often d. more many
have been going to Shanghai ______ than I used to.
a. lesser b. less c. fewer d. less often
at American university runs ______ one thousand dollars a semester.
a. so high
as b. as high to c. as high as d. as higher than
enjoy the concert last night; they played ______ beautiful music.
a. such b. such a c. so d. so a
day ______, I saw the man again on the street.
a. late b. later c. latter d. last
electricity was first invented, people refused to believe such a thing ______.
possible d. impossibly
reason why so many people sit before the television tonight is that there will
be a ______ show.
a. living b. live c. alive d. lived
the three boys met one another, they found they looked very much ______. Then
they knew they were triplet.
a. like b. alike c. likely d. liked
doctor assured the patient that there was ______ with her, but she could not
wrong nothing b.
nothing serious wrong
seriously wrong d.
serious nothing wrong
you live in Wuhan one day and in Shenyang the next, you ______ the change in
certainly to feel b.
certainly feel c. are
to feel certainly d.
are certain to feel
a safety precaution, all drivers carry only enough money to make change for
a. a bill of
ten-dollar b. a
d. a tens-dollar bill
I spent holidays Europe, I bought _____ vases.
a. two lovely
big old German
b. two lovely old big German
c. two German
big old lovely
d. lovely big two old German
will agree that food in the south is as good as ______ in the country.
region b. any other
region c. that of any
region d. that of any
are so far away that they are ______ spots of light when seen from the earth.
more as b. anything
than d. nothing more
deeply impressed his was that magnificent ______.
eight-centuries c. old-eight-centuries d. eight-century’s-old
focus on cultural differences between Chinese and Western societies.
a. The below
text and dialogues b. Below the text and dialogues
c. The text
and dialogues below d. Text and dialogues the below
will be able to fly from one planet to another in ______.
nasty arrow-shaped tubes b. nasty little arrow-shaped tubes
arrow-shaped little nasty tubes d. arrow-shaped little nasty tubes
in the late 19th century, the _______ rise in the productivity of
England was just ______ less than Germany and the U.S.
a. year…slightly b. yearly…slight c. yearly…slightly d. year…slightly
Spain, officials estimate that ______ 75 percent of the current violent crime is
as b. as much as c. as many as d. as great
should spend ______ in the study of the various senses and uses of the common
a. much time
as you can b. as time
much as you can
c. time as
many as you can d. as much time as
Chen asked us to write ______ essay on individual differences in second
a. a no more
than two-thousand-word b. a less two-thousand-words
c. a less than
two-thousands-words d. a no more two than thousand
voice is ______.
a. loud b. aloud c. loudly d. loudness
so many advances have been made in ______ is the most valid argument for
retaining the research unit.
a. such short
time b. so a short
time c. such a short
time d. such short a time
curriculum includes all experiences which the students may have within the
environment of the school.
speaking b. Speaking
broadly c. Broadly
speaking d. Broadly
taxi fare in the city may run ______ twenty dollars, I suggest that you take a
a. as high
as b. as expensive
as c. so high
that d. so expensive
negotiations for the new trade agreements take ______, critical food shortages
will develop in several countries.
a. too much
longer b. much too
long c. the
longest d. the longer
he had followed the directions carefully in taking the medicine, he would have
felt better ______.
quicker b. more quick c. much quickly d. more quickly
he spent his childhood in France, Jack is able to converse in French ______.
good b. quite
better c. fairly
more d. rather well
the two cars that the Smiths have, the Plymouth is, without any question,
cheapest to run b. the
cheaper to run c.
cheaper d. more
______ three inches of rain falling in a six-month period, the farmers found it
necessary to irrigate the land
than b. little
than c. fewer
than d. less few than
71. On a small marble table in the center of her boudoir
stands ______ vase.
a little exquisite antique brown Chinese porcelain
an exquisite little antique brown Chinese porcelain
an antique little exquisite brown Chinese porcelain
a Chinese antique little expensive brown porcelain
“When is Tom going to leave?”
“He is going to leave ______ this week.”
sometimes b. some
time c. sometime d. somewhat
The librarian insists that Dana take ______ books from
library before she returns the dictionary she borrowed last month.
a. no b. many c. not many d. no more
The facilities of the older hospital are ______ the new
a. as good
or better than
b. as good as or better as
c. as good
as or better than d.
as good as or better than those of
______ iron has relatively few economical uses.
a. Chemical pure b. Chemically pure c. Pure chemical d. Purely chemical
I walked 8 miles today. I never guessed that I could
walk ______ far.
a. much b. that c. such d. as
They _____ to our proposal.
not still responded b.
have not responded still
still not responded d.
still have not responded
True hibernation takes place only among ______ animals.
a. whose blood is warm b. blood worm
c. warm-blooded d.
they have warm blood
He works ______.
lone b. lonely c. alone d. lonesome
A _____ road goes ______ from our college to the center.
We are having a meeting. 我们正在开会。（have是实义动词。）
He has gone to New York. 他已去纽约。（have是助动词。）
3） 动词根据其后是否带有宾语，可分为两类，分别是：及物动词、不及物动词，英语缩写形式分别为vt. 和vi.。
She can dance and sing. 她能唱歌又能跳舞。（sing在此用作不及物动词。）
She can sing many English songs. 她能唱好多首英文歌曲。（sing用作及物动词。）
She sings very well. 她唱得很好。（sing受主语she的限制，故用第三人称单数形式sings。）
She wants to learn English well. 她想学好英语。（to
The English language contains many phrasal verbs
and verbal phrases. 英语里有许多短语动词和动词短语。（contains是单字动词。）
Students should learn to look up new words in
dictionaries. 学生们学会查字典。（look up是短语动词。）
The young ought to take care of the old. 年轻人应照料老人。（take
He fell ill yesterday. 他昨天病了。（fell是系动词，后跟补足语，说明主语情况。）
He fell off the ladder. 他从梯子上摔下来。fell是实义动词，单独作谓语。
He is a teacher. 他是一名教师。（is与补足语一起说明主语的身份。）
remain, stay, lie, stand。例如：
He always kept silent at meeting. 他开会时总保持沉默。
This matter rests a mystery. 此事仍是一个谜。
He looks tired. 他看起来很累。
He seems （to be） very sad. 他看起来很伤心。
感官系动词主要有feel, smell, sound, taste。 例如：
This kind of cloth feels very soft. 这种布手感很软。
This flower smells very sweet. 这朵花闻起来很香。
turn, fall, get, go, come, run。例如：
He became mad after that. 自那之后，他疯了。
She grew rich within a short time. 她没多长时间就富了。
表示主语已终止动作，主要有prove, turn out, 表达"证实"，"变成"之意。例如：
The rumor proved false. 这谣言证实有假。
The search proved difficult. 搜查证实很难。
His plan turned out a success. 他的计划终于成功了。（turn out表终止性结果）
He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗？
Did you study English before you came here?
I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3） 最常用的助动词有：be, have, do, shall, will, should, would等。
1） be +现在分词，构成进行时态。例如：
They are having a meeting. 他们正在开会。
English is becoming more and more important. 英语现在越来越重要。
2） be + 过去分词，构成被动语态。例如：
The window was broken by Tom.. 窗户是汤姆打碎的。
English is taught throughout the world. 世界各地都教英语。
3） be + 动词不定式，可表示下列内容：
He is to go to New York next week.. 他下周要去纽约。
We are to teach the freshmen. 我们要教新生。
You are to explain this. 对此你要做出解释。
He is to come to the office this afternoon. 要他今天下午来办公室。
How am I to answer him? 我该怎样答复他？
Who is to go there? 谁该去那儿呢？
We are to meet at the school gate at seven tomorrow morning. 我们明天早晨7点在校门口集合。
He has left for London. 他已去了伦敦。
By the end of last month, they had finished half of their work. 上月未为止，他们已经完成工作的一半。
2）have + been +现在分词，构成完成进行时。例如：
I have been studying English for ten
3）have +been +过去分词，构成完成式被动语态。例如：
English has been taught in China for many
5.5 助动词do 的用法
Do you want to pass the CET? 你想通过大学英语测试吗？
Did you study German? 你们学过德语吗？
2）do + not 构成否定句。例如：
I do not want to be criticized. 我不想挨批评。
He doesn't like to study. 他不想学习。
In the past, many students did not know the importance of English.
Don't go there. 不要去那里。
Don't be so absent-minded. 不要这么心不在焉。
Do come to my birthday party. 一定来参加我的生日宴会。
I did go there. 我确实去那儿了。
I do miss you. 我确实想你。
Never did I hear of such a thing. 我从未听说过这样的事情。
Only when we begin our college life do we realize the importance of
说明： 引导此类倒装句的副词有never, seldom, rarely,
little, only, so, well等。
---- Do you like Beijing? --你喜欢北京吗？
---- Yes, I do. --是的，喜欢。（do用作代动词，代替like Beijing.）
He knows how to drive a car, doesn't he? 他知道如何开车，对吧？
I shall study harder at English. 我将更加努力地学习英语。
He will go to Shanghai. 他要去上海。
He shall come. 他必须来。（shall有命令的意味。）
He will come. 他要来。（will只与动词原形构成一般将来时。）
5.7 助动词should, would的用法
I telephoned him yesterday to ask what I should do next week. 我昨天给他打电话，问他我下周干什么。
比较："What shall I do next week?" I asked. "我下周干什么？"我问道。
He said he would come. 他说他要来。
go," he said. 他说："我要去那儿。"变成间接引语，就成了He said he would come。原来的will变成would，go变成了come.。
Turn off the radio. 把收音机关上。（turn off是短语动词）
3）动词+副词+介词，如：look forward to。构成短语动词的副词和介词都统称为小品词。
to be done
to have done
to have been done
having been done
having been done
否定形式： not +不定式， not
+ 动名词， not + 现在分词
1.If it is fine tomorrow, we ______ a
a. have b. will have c. has d. shall has
2.When he was at school, he ______
early and take a walk before breakfast.
rise b. shall rise b. should rise would rise
3.In the past 30 years China ______
great advances in the socialist revolution and socialist construction.
made b. have made c. had made d. having made
4.I ______ go to bed until I ______
finished my work.
a. don’t/had b. didn’t/have c. didn’t/had d. don’t/have
5.______ you think he ______ back by
come b. Did/will have
come c. Does/will
come d. Do/will have
6.He said that he dropped his bag when
he ______ for the bus.
runing b. was running c. were running d. is running
7.No sooner ______ he arrived home than
he ______ to start on another journey.
asked b. have/were
asked c. had/is asked d. had/was asked
8.“______ you give me a room for the
night?” I asked on arriving at the hotel.
a. Should b. Can c. Might
9.There are nine of them, so ______ get
into the car at the same time.
a. they may
not at all b. all they may
not c. they can’t all d. all they can’t
10.“We didn’t see him at the lecture
yesterday.” “He ______ it.”
b. cannot have attended
c. would have not attended d. needn’t have attended
11.“You realize that you were driving at
100 mph, don’t you?”
“No, officer. I
______. This car can’t do more than 80.”
a. didn’t need
to be b. may not have
been c. couldn’t have
been d. needn’t have been
12.he was a good runner so he ______
escape from the police.
a. might b. succeeded to c. would d. was able to
13.If they ______, our plan will fall
co-operating b. had not
co-operated c. won’t
co-operate d. didn’t co-operate
14.I hoped ______ my letter.
a. her to
answer b. that she would
answer c. that she answers d. her answering
15.He ______ live in the country than in
prefers b. likes to c. had better d. would rather
16.______ to see a film with us today?
a. Did you
like b. Would you like c. Will you like d. Have you liked
17.I’m sorry, but I had no alternative.
I simply ______ what I did.
do b. had to do c. ought to have done d. have to do
18.“Time is running out,______?”
we better got start b.
hadn’t we better get start
we better get started d. hadn’t we
better not started
19.No one ______ that to his face.
say b. dares saying c. dare say d. dare to say
20.The students in the classroom ______
not to make so much noise.
a. need b. ought c. must d. dare
21.You ______ last week if you were
really serious about your work.
a. ought to
come b. ought to be
coming c. ought have
come d. ought to have
22.The elephants ought ______ hours ago
by the keepers.
a. to be
fed b. to feed c. to being fed d. to have been fed
23.“I wonder why they’re late.” “They
______ the train.”
a. can have
missed b. could miss c. may have missed d. might miss
24.“Tom graduated from college at a very
“He ______ have been
an outstanding student.”
a. must b. could c. should d. might
25.You ______ the examination again
since you had already passed it.
have taken b. didn’t need to
take c. needn’t take d. mustn’t take
26.He is really incompetent! The letter
be finished typing b.
must be finished typing
have finished typing
c. should have been finished typing
27.The boy told his father that he would
rather ______ an astronaut.
a. become b. to become c. becoming d. became
28.When we reached the station, the
train had still not arrived; so we ______.
not to hurry b. needn’t have
not to have hurried
d. didn’t need to hurry
29.Since your roommate is visiting her
family this weekend,_____ you like to have dinner with us tonight?
a. will b. won’t c. wouldn’t d. do
30.He was afraid what he had done ______
a disastrous effect on his career.
have b. could be c. have been d. shall be
31.He ______ hardly say anything more,
since you know about it.
a. don’t need
to b. needn’t c. needs d. need
32.You ______ the look on his face when
he won the prize.
a. would have
seen b. should have
seen c. must see d. can be seeing
33.Some people think the stock market
will crash, but ______.
wonder if it happens b. I doubt
if it will happen
c. I am afraid it wouldn’t
happen d. I doubt if it does
34.“Whatever has happened to George?” “I don’t know. He ______ lost.”
a. can have
got b. may have got c. might get d. could get
35.He has no idea what the book is
about. He ______read the book.
a. couldn’t b. couldn’t have c. mightn’t have d. shouldn’t have
36.New studies show that two of Saturn’s
rings ______ longer than the 4.5 billion years since the birth of the Solar
a. could have
lasted b. should have lasted c. would have lasted d. must be lasting
37.Take the telescope with you in case
you ______ it in your expedition.
need b. would need c. should need d. could need
38.Need he come at once? Yes, he ______.
a. must b. must not c. need d. may
39.Please answer the phone. It ______ be
by your father. If it is, would you tell that I want to see him?
a. will b. should c. would d. could
40.We’ll never give in whatever they
______ say or do.
a. may b. will c. shall d. should
41.With all this work on hand, he ______
to the cinema last night.
go b. wouldn’t go c. oughtn’t go d. shouldn’t have gone
42.Everyone ______ the cake because
there wasn’t even a small piece left.
like b. must have liked c. must have been
liking d. had liked
43.I wish to recollect where I met her,
I b. may I c. may not I d. can I
44.I ______ think he will ______ dare
.. b. do/not c. ../not d. don’t/..
45.If reading is to accomplish anything
more than passing time, it ______ be active.
not b. must c. might d. is not
46.You ______ your seats today if you
want to go to the game.
better to reserve b. had
c. had to better
reserve d. had to reserve
47.I ______ the operation unless it is
rather not have b. would not
would not have d. rather not would
48.Many scientists ______ their own eyes
and ears than the theories of the ancients.
rather to believe b.
would rather believe
c. rather would believe d. will rather
49.To travel from England to Scotland
you ______ a passport.
got b. mustn’t have c. needn’t d. don’t need
50.One of the statements ______ to be
a. is turned
out b. has turned
out c. have been
turned out d. have turned out
51.I don’t know whether it will rain or
not, but if it ______ rain, I shall stay at home.
a. will b. did c. does d. shall
52.“You’d like some tea,______?”
you b. shouldn’t you c. hadn’t you d. didn’t you
53.“May we take the books out?”
a. No, you may
not b. No, you can not c. No, you can’t d. Please don’t
54.“I would have come sooner, but I ______
that you were waiting.”
know b. hasn’t known c. hadn’t know d. haven’t known
55.If you don’t want to, you ______ to
get there with us.
a. mustn’t b. can’t c. don’t have d. have not
56.I would go to visit them but I ______
think they are anxious to see me.
a. haven’t b. don’t c. doesn’t d. didn’t
57.Whatever you can do,______.
can do so as well b. I can
do this as well
can do it as well d. I
can do as well
58._____- I realized the consequences I
would never have contemplated getting involved.
a. Had b. Have c. Having d. Has
59.“Perhaps she is working for John.” “Yes, she ______ for him.”
have been working b.
may be working
have been working d. ought
60.“I know she was in because I heard her
radio, but she didn’t open the door.” “She ______ the bell.”
not be hearing b. may not
not have heard d. must not be
61. “He was smoking.” “Then he ______ .”
to have been not smoking
b. ought to have not been smoking
not to have been smoking
d. ought to not have been smoking
62.You ______ out yesterday without a
coat. No wonder you caught cold.
have gone b. shouldn’t have
gone c. mustn’t have gone d. can’t have gone
63.“Paul was riding a bicycle along the
motorway when he was hit by the trailer of a lorry.”
“He _____ a bicycle
along the motorway; bicycles are not allowed.”
have been riding b.
couldn’t have been riding
c. oughtn’t have been riding d. can’t have been riding
64.I am listening. But you ______.
a. need be
listening b. should be
listening c. need have been
listening d. ought be listening
65.He ______ with us last night.
have liked to go b. should
like to be going
be liked to go d.
would like to go
66.I ______ his face when he opened the
like you to see b. would have liked you
to be seen
like you to have seen d.
would like you to see
67.You say you ______ do it, but I say
you ______ do it.
not/could b. will not/shall c. could not/need d. shall not/ought
68.We ______ put the meeting off for a
a. can as
well b. will as well c. shall as well d. may as well
69.______ wind your watch every day?
a. Do you
need b. Must you have
to c. Have you to d. Do you have to
70.______ give him a chance to try?
a. Oughtn’t to
we b. Oughtn’t we to c. Ought to we not d. Oughtn’t we
71.“Did you blame him for his mistakes?” “______”
a. I’d rather
not do b. I’d not rather do c. I’d better not do d. I’d rather not doing
72.You had better ______ your hair cut.
a. had b. have c. to get d. to have
73.My sister didn’t go to the party last
night because she ______ the baby for her friend until 9:30.
have looked after b. would
have to look after
to look after d. should have looked
74.Mary is very late, she ______.
miss her train b. may have missed
c. must miss her train d. could miss her train
75.No matter what you may say, he ______
to his own views.
always stick b. will always
stick c. should always
stick d. must always stick to
76.It’s wonderful that you ______ have
achieved so much in these years.
a. may b. can c. should
77.The students asked whether he ______
take the books out of the reading-room.
a. could b. might c. should d. would
78.He ______ still be thinking about the
question you raised.
a. may b. might c. must
79.I’d be glad if you______ give me an
account of the fact.
a. shall b. should c. would d. may
80.He ______ accomplish the task in
a. did b. has c. is
having been written
Fighting broke out between the South and
the North. 南方与北方开战了。
例如：Would you mind turning down your
radio a little, please? 你把收音机音量调小一点，好吗
The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being
be used to
devote oneself to
be fond of
look forward to
be proud of
be tired of
be capable of
be afraid of
be good at
be successful in
Her job is washing, cleaning and taking care of the
比较：She is washing, cleaning and taking
care of the children.
desk=a desk for writing 写字台
pool=a pool swimming 游泳池
point=a temperature point at which something begins to boil 沸点
tractor=a tractor which a driver can operate while he or she is walking behind
6.2 worth 的用法
worth, worthy, worthwhile都是形容词，意为"值得"。
1. worth： be worth + n. 当名词为金钱时，表示"…… 值得……"
常见的有It ’s worth while to do./ It ’s
doing sth. "……某事值得被做"
The question is not worth discussing again
and again. 这问题不值得反复讨论。
2. worthy：be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示"……值得……"
be worthy to
be done "某事值得被做"
The question is not worthy to be discussed
again and again.
3. worthwhile： be worthwhile to do sth "值得做某事"
It is worthwhile to ask him to join the
It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again.
A. worth B. worthy C. worthwhile D. worth while
答案C. 由worth的用法可知，此句只适合词组be worthwhile
to do sth.。选C。
was ______ work last week, but I changed my mind.
a. to start b. to
have started c. to be
starting d. to have
intended ______ the matter with you, but I had some guests hen.
discuss b. discussing c. having discussed d. to have discussed
let me catch you ______.
a. do that
again b. to do that
again c. doing that
again d. done that again
are many kinds of metals ______.
has its special properties b. one has its special properties
having its special properties d.
having its special properties
pay-day, and they’re waiting ______.
paying b. to be
paid c. to be
paying d. to
trouble, I’m going to forget the whole affair.
a. Then rather
cause b. Rather
c. Rather than
cause d. Rather than
brilliance of his satires was ______ make even his victims laugh.
a. so as
to b. such as
to c. so that d. such that
with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent, and rational are inclined
______ high levels of self-confidence.
possess b. have
possessed c. to
possess d. possessing
worker is ______ in repairing the machine to notice my coming.
busy b. enough
busy c. busy too d. busy enough
10. “What did you do in the garden?”
“I watched my father
______ his motorbike.”
repairing d. repairs
must have an engineer ______ the workers build the house.
a. to see b. see c. seeing d. seen
means ______ a general conclusion from special facts.
a. to come
to b. to
coming c. coming
to d. came
not going to ask the teacher why he gave me that grade; I intend _______.
a. to let rest
b. the matter to be let resting
c. letting the
matter to rest d. to
let the matter rest
have tried _______ worrying about it.
a. to stop
consciously b. to consciously stop
conscious stopping d. to stopping consciously
15. “Do you want to give a talk on that subject?”
“I prefer ______ .”
c. to not giving d. not to
_______ the truth of your remarks, although they go against my interests.
a. cannot but
b. cannot help but to admit
c. cannot but
admitting d. cannot
help but admitting
she is angry, we ______.
a. had better
leaving her alone
b. should leave her alone
c. might as
well leave her alone
d. had rather leave her alone
don’t allow ______ in my office and I don’t allow my family ______ at all.
a. to smoke…smoking b. smoking…to smoke
c. to smoke…to
smoke d. smoking…smoking
should remember ______ from the point when you are writing a composition.
not to wander c. no
d. not wander
advised us to withdraw ______.
a. so as to
get not involved
b. so as not to get involved
c. so that to
get not involved
d. as not to get involved
ran all the way up to the station ______ that the train had left fifteen
a. in order to
find b. so as to
find c. only to
find d. such as
went hunting for a week but still he didn’t find a room ______.
live b. to live
in c. for
living d. to be living
should really avoid ______ at home alone as he is old and ill.
a. your father
stay b. your
father to stay
c. your father’s
your father who stays
didn’t want to risk ______ wet as he had only one suit.
getting b. to get c. being got d. to be gotten
disappointed with the new officers elected in our club, but there is no point
_______ about it.
worry b. in
worrying c. with us
worrying d. if we
won’t be any use ______ to borrow any more money.
a. you to
try b. of your
trying c. trying
you d. your trying
law requires all cars _______ for safety and efficiency.
b. to be regularly tested
regularly tested d. regularly
remember ______ to the zoo by my father when I was little.
taken b. taking c. have been taken d. to have taken
completely forgot ______ the front door last night and feel fortunate that
nothing is stolen.
locking b. being
locked c. to lock d. to have locked
regret ______ you that your application has been refused.
being informed c. to
be informed d. to
didn’t mean ______ anything, but these apples looked so good I couldn’t resist
a. to eat…trying b. to eat…o trying c. eating…to try d. eating…to trying
know it isn’t important but I can’t help ______ about it.
a. but to
think b. thinking c. think d. to think
ship, ______ to a shapeless wreck, was hardly recognizable.
reduced d. having been
young doctor could not sleep at night, his thoughts ______ him no peace.
a. gave b. giving c. being given d. to give
a long walk on a hot day, one feels ______.
exhaust d. exhausted
relatives of his are ______ . I don’t want to have any dealings with them.
b. bored people
d. people having boring
must follow the directions exactly and if you become ______, you must take the
time to go back again and reread them.
confuse d. confused
is something wrong with my TV set, I must have it ______.
checking b. check c. to check d. checked
was just about to jump up when he felt something ______ near his feet.
moving d. moved
with the corresponding period of last year, the output of chemical fibers in
the first quarter rose by 15%.
Comparing b. To
Compared d. Compare
41. “Was the rally successful?’
“No, because the
number of ______ was smaller than we had expected.”
a. people who
attend b. attended
attendance of people
Dick has already arrive. Do you expect ______ to see him?
a. Going b. go c. to go d. that you go
the electric refrigerator Dick takes a carton of cream, another of fresh milk
and a can of ______ orange juice.
a. frozen b. froze c. freezing d. freezed
felt bad for ______ a chance to study abroad.
a. having not
b. not having given
c. having not
been given d. not having
some countries there are already a number of firms ______ computer programming.
in b. specialized
specializing in d. specializes in
young man who saw the car ______ into the river telephoned the police station.
a. plunge b. plunged c. was plunging d. to plunge
she was shopping, she kept ______ the list to make sure she hadn’t forgotten
checking c. to
check d. check
a. to have
your shoes mended b.
to have mended your shoes
c. have your
d. having your shoes mended
machines are made ______ at full speed.
a. work b. working c. to work d. to be worked
is certain that men will never stop ______ new energy sources to power their
finding b. to
find c. having
found d. found
is really quite extraordinary that we should have been at the same college
without ______ before.
a. met b. being met c. having met d. having been met
Smith is said ______ another important discovery in chemistry.
made b. having been
made c. to have
made d. to make
the sun’s light ______ the earth’s surface, it would be so cold that life could
not exist on the earth.
a. warms b. warmed c. warming d. to warm
rocket will weigh about 200 tons when ______.
completing d. have been completed
are plans ______ a number of atomic power station in this regions.
build b. to be
built c. building d. being built
of us are looking forward to ______ a trip to the Ming Tombs.
a. make b. making c. to making d. have made
can’t understand ______ a decision until it is too late.
a. him to
postpone to make b. his postponing to make
c. him to
d. his postponing making
would like ______ that I don’t have a very high opinion of you.
a. to have you
b. have you know
c. to have
your known d.
having you know
had intended ______ him while he was living at Aberdeen.
visiting b. visit c. to have visited d. having visited
you consider better _______ ?
a. not doing
it again b. not do it again
c. not having
done it again d. not
to do it again
famous scientist was easy _______
a. to get b. for getting c. getting d. got
students will have more discussions like this in the weeks ______.
a. coming b. to come c. come d. to be coming
felt lonely at first, but after a time he got ______ alone and even got ______
a. used to
b. used to live… to like
c. using to
d. to be used to living…liking
master raised his voice so that the could make himself ______ by the pupils in
the back of the hall.
a. hear b. heard c. hearing d. to be heard
he awoke, he found himself ______ in the hospital and ______ by an old woman.
b. lying…be looking after
looked after d. lie…being
from the hill-top the lake scenery is beyond description.
a. To see b. Seeing c. Seen d. Having seen
in the strange forest, the poor girls fell to ______.
a. Lost…crying b. Lost…cry c. To lost…cry d. Having been lost…crying
have you ______ if you don’t pay your taxes.
a. to be
arrested d. being
flights ______ because of the storm, they decided to take the train.
cancelled b. were
c. have been
d. having been cancelled
it was very late when John began doing the job, he managed with his friend’s assistance,
______ before the building was locked.
a. to be
finished b. being
finishing d. to finish
the earnest efforts of various private groups as well as government agencies,
many of the problems have not yet been solved, and much remains to ______.
a. have been
done b. be done c. have done d. do
that bad weather was on the way, the climbers decided to put off their attempt
on Eiger until the following week.
told b. Being
told c. Telling d. Having been told
of the Government itself acknowledge many of their predictions _______ wildly
a. to be b. being c. to have been d. having been
match was cancelled because most of the members ______ a match without a standard
a. objected to
objected to have
objected to have d. were
objected to having
teacher doesn’t permit ______ in class.
a. smoke b. smoking c. to smoke d. to have smoke
like watching TV ______ to the cinema.
a. more than
to go b. more than
d. rather than to go
manager promised to keep me ______ of how our business was going on.
a. to be
informed c. on
Brown is supposed ______ for Italy last week.
a. to have
left b. to leave c. to be leaving d. to have been left
went to work quietly, ______ to work as hard as she could.
a. her mind
being made up b. with
her mind made up
c. with her
mind making up d. he mind
and wife with a common duty to the country will find themselves ______ closer
drawn b. drawn c. to draw d. drawing
we found little snow, as most of it seemed ______ blown off the mountain.
a. to have
been b. that it
was c. to be d. that it had been
halfway through the exercise, the teacher changed his mind and collected all
a. When only
being b. When we were
only d. Having been
passengers are reading the morning paper, others are talking with one another,
______ nervously for the train.
wait b. are
waiting d. being
one thing I dislike about him: he will never admit ______ a mistake.
made b. making c. being made d. have been made
spent half a year ______ material for his new book.
no use ______ me not to worry.
tell b. your
telling c. for you to have
told d. having told
chairman insists that there be a meeting _______ within the shortest possible
hold b. to be
held c. to have been
held d. to be holding
the famous pianist was a child, he was accustomed ______ for several hours a
practicing b. to
practice c. to be
practicing d. to have
China hundreds of different dialects are spoken; people of some villages ______
themselves understood by the inhabitants of the next town.
a. making trouble
have b. have making
trouble making d.
trouble making have
a wonderful place for anyone ______ in architecture, as you are.
interesting b. to be
interested c. being
feature worth ______ is the role of information throughout a feedback control
noticing c. being
noticed d. notice
believe ______ very largely due to mistaken views of the world.
b. to be this unhappiness
c. this be
d. this unhappiness to be